Raufarhöfn The Arctic Circle Village

Raufarhöfn is the northernmost town on the Icelandic mainland, nestled on the eastern shore of Melrakkaslétta peninsula. Named after its natural harbor, Raufarhöfn was used for shipping from early on as mentioned in the sagas. It became an authorized trading post in 1833 but the village started forming after 1875.

Herring fishery was a pivotal factor in the growth of the village in the early 20th century and by 1944 Raufarhöfn was the second-largest herring station in Iceland. The local population reached 500 in the latter part of the century but during the height of the herring bonanza, there could also be over 2000 migrant workers here at times.

Raufarhöfn is now a quiet little fishing village in the process of redefining itself. All basic services can be found in Raufarhöfn and this Arctic Circle village is a peaceful setting to enjoy walks, fishing or birdwatching, and offers a front-row seat for enjoying the midnight sun in summer and northern lights in winter.

On a small elevation at the edge of the village, the Arctic Henge is being constructed. A huge stone sundial with allusions to mythology and folklore, designed to interact with the unique natural light in this village at the edge of the arctic.


 

arctic-henge.jpg
Raufarhöfn
GPS Points N66° 27' 19.080" W15° 56' 46.192"
Postal codes

675,676

Population

250

Highlights in Raufarhöfn

Travel directory for Raufarhöfn

The official travel index of Iceland

Others

Arctic Angling
Travel Agency
  • Hafnarbraut 2
  • 675 Raufarhöfn
  • 868-9771, 696-5942
The Arctic Henge at Raufarhöfn
Saga & Heritage
  • 465-1233
Husavik mini bus
Bird Watching
  • Garðarsbraut 79
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 898-9853
Active North
Horse Activities
  • Ásbyrgi
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 894-4411
Oddur Örvar Magnússon / Icelandhunting
Day Tour Provider
  • Baughóll 31c
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 895-1776
Gljúfri Golf club
Golf Courses
  • Ekrugata 6
  • 670 Kópasker
  • 465-2145, 892-2145
Brunná
Angling
  • Hvirfilvellir
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 860-4919
Öxarfjörður Library
Libraries & Archives
  • Akurgerði 4
  • 670 Kópasker
  • 461-2171
Húsavík Golf club
Golf Courses
  • Katlavellir
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-1000

Others

Apartment Grundargardur 6
Apartments
  • Grundargarður 6
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 461-2277, 699-4388, 868-0886
Vesturdalur Camping Ground - Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður
Camping
  • Vesturdalur Jökulsárgljúfrum
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 470-7100
Húsavík Hostel
Hostels
  • Laugarbrekka 16
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 463-3399
Þeistareykir Mountain Hut
Mountainhuts & Cabins
  • Þeistareykir
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 465-2273, 464-3510
River Guesthouse
Guesthouses
  • River Guesthouse
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 821-1388, 847-5513
Árdalur
Guesthouses
  • Árdalur
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 659-2282, 465-2282
Keldunes
Guesthouses
  • Keldunes II
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 465-2275, 847-1593
Guesthouse Sigtún
Guesthouses
  • Túngata 13
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-0255, 864-0250
Barð - Ferðafélag Húsavíkur/ITA
Sleeping bag accommodation
  • Háagerði 10
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-2072, 464-1610
Höfði Guesthouse
Guesthouses
  • Héðinsbraut 11
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 852-0010

Others

Skerjakolla
Shopping
  • Bakkagata 10
  • 670 Kópasker
  • 465-1150
Lón 2
Farm food direct
  • Lón 2
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 866-1511
Árdalur
Guesthouses
  • Árdalur
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 659-2282, 465-2282
Gentle Café
Restaurants
  • Garðarsbraut
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 864-6641
Pronto Pizzur
Restaurants
  • Ketilsbraut 22
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-2333
Húsavík Öl
Restaurants
  • Héðinsbraut 4
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 789-0808
Skeljungur - Service Station
Cafés
  • Héðinsbraut 6
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-1260
Olís - Service Station
Cafés
  • Garðarsbraut 64
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-1040
N1 - Service Station
Cafés
  • Héðinsbraut 2
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-2650
Kaffi Skuld
Cafés
  • Hafnarstétt 9, Miðbær
  • 640 Húsavík
  • 464-7272
Ásbyrgi veitingar og verslun
Cafés
  • Kelduhverfi
  • 671 Kópasker
  • 465-2260
Nature
Ásbyrgi canyon

Ásbyrgi is one of the wonders of nature, a well forested horse-shoe shaped canyon in Oxarfjordur. Asbyrgi is a part of Jökulsárgljúfur, within the Vatnajökull National Park. The Jökulsárgljúfur site of the National park reaches from highway 85, by Ásbyrgi south to Dettifoss, covering an area of 120 km2. Informative visitors centre, shop, golf course and camping is located by Ásbyrgi.
Many hiking tracks are in the vicinity of Ásbyrgi. Ásbyrgi canyon is part of the Diamond Circle explore the Diamond Circle https://www.northiceland.is/diamondcircle.

Nature
Jokulsargljufur

This dramatic canyon, Jökulsárgljúfur, was formed by the actions of water, fire and ice. Enormous, catastrophic glacial bursts are believed to have carved out the deep ravines and rocky basins, the most famous of which is Ásbyrgi.
The Hljóðaklettar outcrops are the cores of ancient volcanoes, revealed when the river swept away all the loose volcanic material.
The waterfalls on the River Jökulsá á Fjöllum, Selfoss, Dettifoss, Hafragilsfoss and Réttarfoss are powerful and impressive.
The Hólmatungur district is an area of contrasts: crystal clear streams and bubbling brooks cross the land before emptying into the raging, chocolate-coloured torrent. A delicate balance of flora and fauna thrives under the protection of cliffs and scree slopes.

Nature
Melrakkasletta peninsula

The "Sléttan", as the Melrakkaslétta is often called, is the
peninsula reaching from Kópasker in the west to Raufarhöfn in
the east. The coastline is indented with creeks and lagoons
and has grassy heathlands and dozens of lakes teeming with
fish. This area offers shelter and is a temporary stopping
place for thousands and thousands of birds that come here for
the summer or rest here for their further flights to the north
or to the south. Seals can also be seen resting on skerries
and whales are spotted off the coast as well as foxes and mink
on the heaths close to rivers and lakes.

The richly varied vegetation has few parallels. No one place attracts the traveller more than some other place. Nature in its entirety
does. A veritable mecca for lowers of nature. This is infact
one of the best places in Iceland to see the midnight sun and
from late August to April the famous northern lights.

Nature
Arctic Henge

Set in Raufarhöfn, one of the most remote and northernmost villages in Iceland where the Arctic Circle lies just off the coast, the Arctic Henge (Heimskautsgerðið) is under construction. Similar to its ancient predecessor, Stonehenge, the Arctic Henge is like a huge sundial, aiming to capture the sunrays, cast shadows in precise locations and capture the light between aligned gateways.

History

Heimskautsgerðið (The Arctic-Henge) has it s roots in the innovators Erlingur Thoroddsen's speculations about the possibility to use endless vistas, where nothing obstructs the horizon, and the midnight sun. The idea to use the dwarf names from the eddic poem Völuspá (Prophecy of the Seeress) and modernize some aspects of the old world of the Sagas, soon became a part of these speculations. The first version of the idea is from 1998 but in 2004 it was finalized, with allusions to mythology and folklore, designed to interact with the unique natural light.

No one has been able to explain the dwarfs in the Völuspá, apart from Austri (East), Vestri (West), Norðri (North) and Suðri (South), who carry the sky. By connecting the names of the dwarfs to the season, as for example Bjartur (Bright) Blíður (Sweet) and Svásuður (Gengle) to the summer, it is possible to fit the names of the dwarfs to a yearly circle of 72 weeks. The year-circle of the dwarfs becomes a kind of almanac, where each dwarf controls a five day period. All the dwarfs have been given a role and they have all have their own personalities. This means that the dwarfs can be connected to birthdays and people can connect to their personal dwarf.

Around this made up world rises the Heimskautsgerði (Arctic-Henge) on the Melrakkaás (Foxhill) in Raufarhöfn. The Heimskautsgerði is around 50 meters in diameter, with 6 meter high gates that face the main directions. Between the gates is a high wall with a small opening at the top. Inside the circle stands 10 meter high column on four pillars. The column will be topped with cut prism-glass that splits up the sunlight unto the primary colors. The opening between the pillar look towards the main directions, so example the midnight sun can be seen from the south gate through the middle column and the north gate. The play of light and shadow will follow the time of the day. The openings on the wall will let in the sunrays so when the building is completed a sundial can be set up.

Inside the circle are 68 dwarfs who stand around a circular dwarf trail. Inside the trail is the polar star pointer, and does exactly what its name says. There you can also find the throne of the sun that is meant to be a place where the traveler can sit down to have his picture taken. Also a hall of rays, which is a sort of sanctuary between high columns, with one seat, where the guest can empty his mind an renew his energy. An altar of fire and water, that reminds us of the power of the elements, where events can be performed, for examples weddings, oath taking and so forth

Getting There

It´s about 130 km from Húsavík, but good roads all the way, so allow 1.5 hrs.
Follow the road 85 northeast out of Húsavík, past Ásbyrgi, taking the 874 road junction east just before Kópasker. Once in Raufarhöfn, you can´t miss the stones, looming impressively on the hill above the town. There is a short track to drive up, or you can walk if you prefer. Here is the route.

History and Culture
The Þingeyjarsýsla District Museum

Byggðasafn S-Þing (The South Þingeyjarsýsla District Museum) is housed within the Safnahúsið at Húsavík and is to be found on the middle floor of the building. This exhibition is called "100 years of Life and Nature in Þingeyjarsýsla" and attempts to shed light on the interaction of man and nature. It is, therefore partly a natural history exhibition.
Opening times:
Summer: 1 June-31 August, daily 10:00-18:00.
Winter: 1 September-31 May, weekdays 10:00-16:00.

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North Iceland

Towns & Villages

Society and the economy have many faces. Whereas agriculture is the mainstay of rural areas, the towns depend upon fishing, industry, trade and a range of services, with each village having its own characteristics though they all prove hospitable hosts. 
The availability of food and accommodation and the possibilities at every location for recreation and entertainment make hopping between the villages informative as well as fun.   
In every case, the residents are lively and ready to celebrate.

Explore map with pictures

Map Akureyri Hrafnagil Grímsey Raufarhöfn Kópasker Þórshöfn Bakkafjörður Húsavík Mývatn Laugar Svalbarðseyri Grenivík Hjalteyri Hauganes Árskógssandur Dalvík Hrísey Ólafsfjörður Siglufjörður Hofsós Hólar Varmahlíð Sauðárkrókur Skagaströnd Blöndós Hvammstangi Laugarbakki Borðeyri